Ypres Salient, Flanders & The Menin Gate {Page 3}...

This area of Belgium is known as Flemish Flanders and Ypres (Leper) is the principal city. The Ypres Salient was formed by the Allied countries to halt and protect Germany’s advance towards the ports of Calais and Boulogne (the Race for the Sea); this resulted in the First Battle of Ypres in 1914 – 19th October to 22nd November.

The following key battles after this were:
  • The Second Battle of Ypres – 22nd April to 15th May 1915
  • Passchendaele – 31st July to 6th November 1917
  • Battle of the Lys (Fourth Battle of Ypres) – 9th April to 29th April 1918
  • The Fifth Battle of Ypres – 28th September to 2nd October 1918
It must also be noted that on top of the five main conflicts of the Salient, constant battles, offensives, exchanges and skirmishes took place in the region during the whole of the Great War. Key and infamous names and locations from this area include Messines, Wytschaete, Polygon Wood, Hill 60, Langemarck, the Lys, Sanctuary Wood, Ploegsteert Wood and Passchendaele to name but a few.

Over 1,700,000 soldiers on both sides were killed or wounded in this region of Belgium during the War years not to mention the uncounted numbers of civilians.

The City of Ypres was constantly shelled by the Germans during the whole of the war but was never taken. Nowadays it is fully restored and is resplendent with its cathedral and stunning Cloth Hall.

Flanders is now the resting place for many a soldier and is the home of numerous CWGC cemeteries and superb memorials including:

Tyne Cot Cemetery, Zonnebeke, Ypres Salient Battlefields, Belgium is the largest Commonwealth Military Cemetery in the world and the resting place for 11,956.
The Menin Gate which is dedicated to the 54,896 missing service personnel of WWI, for those who laid down their life in Ypres Salient Battlefields and whom were laid to rest in unknown graves.
"In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row" - John McCrae.

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If you need Military Bands or Assistance with Honouring Veterans - Please contact your local Royal British Legion. If sadly this is for a Military Funeral or Honouring Veterans at their Funeral, the best contact points are here.

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission has the responsibility to ensure that 1.7 million people who died in the two world wars will never be forgotten. They care for cemeteries and memorials at 23,000 locations, in 153 countries. The CWGC values and aims, laid out in 1917, are as relevant now as they were over a 100 years ago....

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We have added a number of further pages and Picture Galleries to our website for you of The National Memorial Arboretum, the Ypres Salient, Flanders & The Menin Gate, Nord Pas de Calais, Somme, Vimy Ridge, Verdun and World War 1 Main Page and seven underpinning pages.

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The images below are:

Picture 21 {0027} - The 1914 Christmas truce football match Memorial is at the actual site St Yvon near Ploegstreet. This is the new stone Memorial positioned a few hundred metres from The Messines Ridge Cemetery. See Picture 12 {0137} for the original memorial to this event.

Picture 22 {0128} - Canadian Memorial at St Julien at Vancoover Corner between Ypres and Passchendaele. The plaque and column marks the battlefield where 18,000 Canadians withstood the first German gas attacks in April 1915. 2,000 fell and lie buried nearby.

Picture 23 {0127} - Canadian Memorial at St Julien at Vancoover Corner. The sculpture of the brooding soldier is by Frederick Chapman Clemesta. In the gas attacks on the Canadians the Germans deployed 168 tons of Chlorine gas. The memorial was unvielled on 8th July 1923.

Picture 24 {0125} - Canadian Memorial at St Julien at Vancoover Corner. The memorial can be found at the Junction of the N313 with Zonnebekestrat in the NE sector of the Ypres Salient.

Picture 25 {0070} - The Stone of Remembrance. Sir Edwin Lutyens was the principal architect for the CWGC and he designed these memorials to remember the fallen in cemeteries with a 1,000 or more that are laid to rest.

Picture 26 {0069} - Sanctuary Wood Cemetery. This is adjacent to the Hill 62 Canadian Monument where there is also a museum and preserved trenches. The road going past the cemetery is called Canadalaan, and this runs from the Menin Road to the Hill 62 Memorial commemorating the June 1916 battle of Mount Sorrel.

Picture 27 {0068} - The grave of Lieutenant Gilbert Talbot MC in whos's memory the Toc H organisation was founded.

Picture 28 {0067} - The Cross of Sacrifice at Sanctury Wood Cemetery.

Picture 29 {0066} - Sanctuary Wood Cemetery. The wood was given its name because early in the war soldiers could shelter and gain sanctuary from battle, following shelling in November 1914 the name could hardly be considered appropraite, but it remained.

Picture 30 {0036} - The magnificently restored Cloth Hall in Ypes. The museum to WW1, which used to be upstairs has now firmly gained its home on the ground floor since the middle of the last decade.

These images are kindly provided by Ian Humphreys, RBL, and are his Copyright. You may click on the thumb nail images for the original - these are high res images and may not be used for commercial purposes without full written consent from Mr Humphreys. Each image is 3264 x 2448 pixels or 3008 x 2000 pixels and are several MB in size..

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AREA17:  So that we may all remember those that served, those injured and those that fell for the peace and security of all...