Ypres Salient, Flanders & The Menin Gate {Page 6}...

This area of Belgium is known as Flemish Flanders and Ypres (Leper) is the principal city. The Ypres Salient was formed by the Allied countries to halt and protect Germany’s advance towards the ports of Calais and Boulogne (the Race for the Sea); this resulted in the First Battle of Ypres in 1914 – 19th October to 22nd November.

The following key battles after this were:
  • The Second Battle of Ypres – 22nd April to 15th May 1915
  • Passchendaele – 31st July to 6th November 1917
  • Battle of the Lys (Fourth Battle of Ypres) – 9th April to 29th April 1918
  • The Fifth Battle of Ypres – 28th September to 2nd October 1918
It must also be noted that on top of the five main conflicts of the Salient, constant battles, offensives, exchanges and skirmishes took place in the region during the whole of the Great War. Key and infamous names and locations from this area include Messines, Wytschaete, Polygon Wood, Hill 60, Langemarck, the Lys, Sanctuary Wood, Ploegsteert Wood and Passchendaele to name but a few.

Over 1,700,000 soldiers on both sides were killed or wounded in this region of Belgium during the War years not to mention the uncounted numbers of civilians.

The City of Ypres was constantly shelled by the Germans during the whole of the war but was never taken. Nowadays it is fully restored and is resplendent with its cathedral and stunning Cloth Hall.

Flanders is now the resting place for many a soldier and is the home of numerous CWGC cemeteries and superb memorials including:

Tyne Cot Cemetery, Zonnebeke, Ypres Salient Battlefields, Belgium is the largest Commonwealth Military Cemetery in the world and the resting place for 11,956.
The Menin Gate which is dedicated to the 54,896 missing service personnel of WWI, for those who laid down their life in Ypres Salient Battlefields and whom were laid to rest in unknown graves.
"In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row" - John McCrae.

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If you need Military Bands or Assistance with Honouring Veterans - Please contact your local Royal British Legion. If sadly this is for a Military Funeral or Honouring Veterans at their Funeral, the best contact points are here.

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission has the responsibility to ensure that 1.7 million people who died in the two world wars will never be forgotten. They care for cemeteries and memorials at 23,000 locations, in 153 countries. The CWGC values and aims, laid out in 1917, are as relevant now as they were over a 100 years ago....

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We have added a number of further pages and Picture Galleries to our website for you of The National Memorial Arboretum, the Ypres Salient, Flanders & The Menin Gate, Nord Pas de Calais, Somme, Vimy Ridge, Verdun and World War 1 Main Page and seven underpinning pages.

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The images below are:

Picture 51 {0056} - The grave of the Kent and England cricketer Colin Blythe, a superstar of his time and the most famous cricketer to die in WW1. He lies in peace in Oxford Road Cemetery.

Picture 52 {0046} - Memorial at St Eloi, a small village close to where the St Eloi craters. There were more than 30 British and German mines laid in this area. The largest single mine in this area was a British one containing 95,600lbs of explosive.

Picture 53 {0043} - US Memorial was erected in 1930 with views over the Wytschaete Ridge. Also described as the Kemmel American Monument due to its close proximity to mount Kemmel. The monument was designed by George Howe.

Picture 54 {0042} - The Americans fought along side the British Army in the Wytschaete area in 1918. The Flanders Fields American Cemetery and Memorial is on the southwest edge of the town of Waregem some 60 km from this location.

Picture 55 {0041} - Information board adjacent to the US 27th and 30th Division Memorial.

Picture 56 {0040} - Memorial to the US 27th and 30th Division near Wytschaete.

Picture 57 {0039} - The entrance to Bedford House Cemetery located 2.5km south of Ypres. Bedford House was also known as Woodcote House - both names given to the nearby Chateau Rosendal.

Picture 58 {0038} - Bedford House Cemetery. The ruins of Chateau Rosendal can be found at the rear of the Cemetery. Although never in German hands the chateau was destroyed by shellfire. There are 5,139 WW1 commonwealth burials here. There are also 69 WW2 commonwealth burials along with 2 German burials. The cemetery was designed by W C Von Berg.

Picture 59 {0037} - A panel on the New Zealand Memorial at Messines Ridge Cemetery. The New Zealand Moari soldiers are commemorated here.

Picture 60 {0036} - Cross of Sacrifice mounted on the New Zealand Memorial at Messines Ridge Cemetery.

These images are kindly provided by Ian Humphreys, RBL, and are his Copyright. You may click on the thumb nail images for the original - these are high res images and may not be used for commercial purposes without full written consent from Mr Humphreys. Each image is 3264 x 2448 pixels or 3008 x 2000 pixels and are several MB in size...

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AREA17:  So that we may all remember those that served, those injured and those that fell for the peace and security of all...